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1. WO2020033789 - SWITCHABLE LIGHT-COLLIMATING LAYER WITH REFLECTOR

Publication Number WO/2020/033789
Publication Date 13.02.2020
International Application No. PCT/US2019/045837
International Filing Date 09.08.2019
IPC
G02F 1/167 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
165based on translational movement of particles in a fluid under the influence of an applied field
166characterised by the electro-optical or magneto-optical effect
167by electrophoresis
G02B 27/30 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
27Optical systems or apparatus not provided for by any of the groups G02B1/-G02B26/119
30Collimators
F21V 8/00 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
21LIGHTING
VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
8Use of light guides, e.g. fibre optic devices, in lighting devices or systems
G02F 1/1677 2019.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
165based on translational movement of particles in a fluid under the influence of an applied field
1675Constructional details
1677Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. reflectors or illuminating devices
G02F 1/13357 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
13357Illuminating devices
CPC
G02B 27/30
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
27Optical systems or apparatus not provided for by any of the groups G02B1/00 - G02B26/00, G02B30/00
30Collimators
G02F 1/1323
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
1323Arrangements for providing a switchable viewing angle
G02F 1/13338
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
13338Input devices, e.g. touch-panels
G02F 1/133504
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
133504Diffusing, scattering, diffracting elements
G02F 1/133606
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
1336Illuminating devices
133602Direct backlight
133606including a specially adapted diffusing, scattering or light controlling members
G02F 1/1677
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
165based on translational movement of particles in a fluid under the influence of an applied field
1675Constructional details
1677Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. reflectors or illuminating devices
Applicants
  • E INK CALIFORNIA, LLC [US/US]; 47485 Seabridge Drive Fremont, California 94538, US
Inventors
  • ZHENG, Xiaolong; US
  • GALWADUGE, Pubudu Thilanka; US
  • LIN, Craig; US
  • KANG, Yih-Ming; US
  • ZANG, HongMei; US
  • DU, Hui; US
Agents
  • BEAN, Brian D.; US
Priority Data
62/717,10410.08.2018US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) SWITCHABLE LIGHT-COLLIMATING LAYER WITH REFLECTOR
(FR) COUCHE DE COLLIMATION DE LUMIÈRE COMMUTABLE AVEC RÉFLECTEUR
Abstract
(EN)
A light-collimating film including elongated chambers of bistable electrophoretic fluids. The light-collimating films are suitable to control the amount and/or direction of light incident to a transmissive substrate. Such films may be integrated into devices, such as LCD displays, to provide a zone of privacy for a user viewing the LCD display. Because the light- collimating film is switchable, it allows a user to alter the collimation of the emitted light on demand. Because the films are bistable, they do not require additional power after they have been switched to a display state.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un film de collimation de lumière comprenant des chambres allongées de fluides électrophorétiques bistables. Les films de collimation de lumière sont appropriés pour commander la quantité et/ou la direction de la lumière incidente sur un substrat transmissif. De tels films peuvent être intégrés dans des dispositifs, tels que des écrans LCD, pour fournir une zone de confidentialité pour un utilisateur visualisant l'affichage LCD. Étant donné que le film de collimation de lumière est commutable, il permet à un utilisateur de modifier sur demande la collimation de la lumière émise. Étant donné que les films sont bistables, ils ne nécessitent pas d’alimentation supplémentaire une fois qu'ils ont été commutés à un état d'affichage.
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