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1. US20200279256 - IMPROVED TIME LOCK TECHNIQUE FOR SECURING A RESOURCE ON A BLOCKCHAIN

Office
United States of America
Application Number 16645437
Application Date 04.09.2018
Publication Number 20200279256
Publication Date 03.09.2020
Publication Kind A1
IPC
G06Q 20/38
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
20Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
38Payment protocols; Details thereof
G06Q 20/40
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
20Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
38Payment protocols; Details thereof
40Authorisation, e.g. identification of payer or payee, verification of customer or shop credentials; Review and approval of payers, e.g. check of credit lines or negative lists
H04L 9/32
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
9Arrangements for secret or secure communication
32including means for verifying the identity or authority of a user of the system
H04L 9/06
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
9Arrangements for secret or secure communication
06the encryption apparatus using shift registers or memories for blockwise coding, e.g. D.E.S. systems
CPC
G06Q 20/40155
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
20Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
38Payment protocols; Details thereof
40Authorisation, e.g. identification of payer or payee, verification of customer or shop credentials; Review and approval of payers, e.g. check credit lines or negative lists
401Transaction verification
4015using location information
40155for triggering transactions
G06Q 20/3829
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
20Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
38Payment protocols; Details thereof
382insuring higher security of transaction
3829involving key management
H04L 2209/38
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
2209Additional information or applications relating to cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic arrangements for secret or secure communication H04L9/00
38Chaining, e.g. hash chain or certificate chain
H04L 9/0643
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
9Cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic; arrangements for secret or secure communication
06the encryption apparatus using shift registers or memories for block-wise ; or stream; coding, e.g. DES systems ; or RC4; Hash functions; Pseudorandom sequence generators
0643Hash functions, e.g. MD5, SHA, HMAC or f9 MAC
G06Q 2220/00
GPHYSICS
06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
2220Business processing using cryptography
H04L 9/3236
HELECTRICITY
04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
9Cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic; arrangements for secret or secure communication
32including means for verifying the identity or authority of a user of the system ; or for message authentication, e.g. authorization, entity authentication, data integrity or data verification, non-repudiation, key authentication or verification of credentials
3236using cryptographic hash functions
Applicants nChain Holdings Limited
Inventors Craig Steven WRIGHT
Priority Data 1714517.8 08.09.2017 GB
PCT/IB2017/055430 08.09.2017 IB
Title
(EN) IMPROVED TIME LOCK TECHNIQUE FOR SECURING A RESOURCE ON A BLOCKCHAIN
Abstract
(EN)

The invention comprises a solution for securing an output (UTXO) in a single blockchain (e.g. Bitcoin) transaction (TX) so that it can only be unlocked by an authorised party at an allowed time, and in accordance with external data supplied to the transaction's locking script. The invention may comprise two steps which are implemented within a redeem script provided within the UTXO's locking script: 1) Calculation of a time-related value (which we will call Tsupplied) using the external data provided; and 2) use of the calculated Tsupplied value in a time lock technique to ensure that unlocking occurs at a time pre-determined time. The invention allows external data to be introduced into the time lock control of a transaction on the blockchain. It also includes a technique for combining absolute and relative time locks (e.g. CLTV and CSV as known in the Bitcoin protocol).