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1. US20220205989 - SYSTEMS INCLUDING JANUS DROPLETS

Office
United States of America
Application Number 17545979
Application Date 08.12.2021
Publication Number 20220205989
Publication Date 30.06.2022
Publication Kind A1
IPC
G01N 33/543
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
33Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/-G01N31/131
48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers
50Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
53Immunoassay; Biospecific binding assay; Materials therefor
543with an insoluble carrier for immobilising immunochemicals
G01N 21/59
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
59Transmissivity
G01N 21/77
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
75Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
77by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
C12Q 1/6834
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
68involving nucleic acids
6813Hybridisation assays
6834Enzymatic or biochemical coupling of nucleic acids to a solid phase
C12Q 1/70
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions
70involving virus or bacteriophage
G01N 33/569
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
33Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/-G01N31/131
48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers
50Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
53Immunoassay; Biospecific binding assay; Materials therefor
569for microorganisms, e.g. protozoa, bacteria, viruses
CPC
G01N 21/59
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
59Transmissivity
G01N 33/5432
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
33Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine
50Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
53Immunoassay; Biospecific binding assay; Materials therefor
543with an insoluble carrier for immobilising immunochemicals
54313the carrier being characterised by its particulate form
5432Liposomes or microcapsules
G01N 21/77
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
75Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
77by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
G01N 33/54366
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
33Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
48Biological material, e.g. blood, urine
50Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
53Immunoassay; Biospecific binding assay; Materials therefor
543with an insoluble carrier for immobilising immunochemicals
54366Apparatus specially adapted for solid-phase testing
G01N 21/78
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
75Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
77by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
78producing a change of colour
C12Q 1/701
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
QMEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS
1Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms
70involving virus or bacteriophage
701Specific hybridization probes
Applicants Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Inventors Timothy Manning Swager
Hadley Sikes Johnson
Qifan Zhang
Eric Alexander Miller
Lukas Zeininger
Ki-Joo Sung
Kosuke Yoshinaga
Title
(EN) SYSTEMS INCLUDING JANUS DROPLETS
Abstract
(EN)

Embodiments described herein may be useful in the detection of analytes. The systems and methods may allow for a relatively simple and rapid way for detecting analytes such as chemical and/or biological analytes and may be useful in numerous applications including sensing, food manufacturing, medical diagnostics, performance materials, dynamic lenses, water monitoring, environmental monitoring, detection of proteins, detection of DNA, among other applications. For example, the systems and methods described herein may be used for determining the presence of a contaminant such as bacteria (e.g., detecting pathogenic bacteria in food and water samples which helps to prevent widespread infection, illness, and even death). Advantageously, the systems and methods described herein may not have the drawbacks in current detection technologies including, for example, relatively high costs, long enrichment steps and analysis times, and/or the need for extensive user training. Another advantageous feature provided by the systems and methods described herein includes fabrication in a relatively large scale. In some embodiments, the systems and methods may be used in conjunction with a detector including handheld detectors incorporated with, for example, smartphones (e.g., for the on-site detection of analytes such as pathogenic bacteria).