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1. WO2021111112 - METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING A REFLECTANCE OF A TARGET OBJECT

Publication Number WO/2021/111112
Publication Date 10.06.2021
International Application No. PCT/GB2020/053032
International Filing Date 27.11.2020
IPC
G01N 21/31 2006.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
G01N 21/55 2014.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
55Specular reflectivity
G01N 21/17 2006.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
G01N 21/27 2006.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
27using photo-electric detection
G01N 21/359 2014.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
35using infra-red light
359using near infra-red light
G01N 21/84 2006.01
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
84Systems specially adapted for particular applications
CPC
G01N 2021/1797
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
1793Remote sensing
1797in landscape, e.g. crops
G01N 2021/8466
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
84Systems specially adapted for particular applications
8466Investigation of vegetal material, e.g. leaves, plants, fruits
G01N 21/274
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
27using photo-electric detection
274Calibration, base line adjustment, drift correction
G01N 21/31
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
G01N 21/359
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
25Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
31Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
35using infra-red light
359using near infra-red light
G01N 21/55
GPHYSICS
01MEASURING; TESTING
NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
21Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
17Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
55Specular reflectivity
Applicants
  • UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX ENTERPRISES LIMITED [GB]/[GB]
Inventors
  • LAWSON, Tracy
  • STAMFORD, John
Agents
  • SECERNA LLP
Priority Data
1917600.702.12.2019GB
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING A REFLECTANCE OF A TARGET OBJECT
(FR) PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE DÉTERMINATION DE RÉFLECTANCE D'UN OBJET CIBLE
Abstract
(EN)
A method and apparatus for determining a reflectance, of at least a portion of a target object, in at least one selected wavelength range of electromagnetic (EM) radiation are disclosed. The method comprises, for each selected wavelength range, providing a digital image including at least one target object and a plurality of reference objects, each reference object having respective non-identical predetermined reflectance characteristics, with a digital camera arrangement that provides output image data that comprises digital numbers that are responsive to radiation, in only a selected wavelength range, incident at a sensing plane of the digital camera arrangement. A relationship between a first set of the digital numbers is determined and a first set of the respective predetermined reflectance characteristics of the reference objects. Responsive to the relationship, a further set of digital numbers is transformed to allocate a value of reflectance for each of the digital numbers in the further set. For at least a portion of the target object, a corresponding first group of allocated values of reflectance is determined and responsive to the first group of allocated values, determining a reflectance of the portion of the target object.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un procédé et un appareil permettant de déterminer une réflectance d'au moins une partie d'un objet cible dans au moins une plage de longueurs d'onde sélectionnée de rayonnement électromagnétique (EM). Le procédé consiste, pour chaque plage de longueurs d'onde sélectionnée, à fournir une image numérique comprenant au moins un objet cible et une pluralité d'objets de référence, chaque objet de référence présentant des caractéristiques de réflectance prédéterminées non identiques respectives, avec un agencement de caméra numérique fournissant des données d'image de sortie comprenant des valeurs numériques sensibles au rayonnement, dans une plage de longueurs d'onde sélectionnée, incidente sur un plan de détection de l'agencement de caméra numérique. Une relation entre un premier ensemble de valeurs numériques et un premier ensemble des caractéristiques de réflectance prédéterminées respectives des objets de référence est déterminée. En réponse à la relation, un autre ensemble de valeurs numériques est transformé afin d'attribuer une valeur de réflectance pour chacune des valeurs numériques dans l'autre ensemble. Pour au moins une partie de l'objet cible, un premier groupe correspondant de valeurs de réflectance attribuées est déterminé et, en réponse au premier groupe de valeurs attribuées, une réflectance de la partie de l'objet cible est déterminée.
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