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1. US20220110972 - APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INACTIVATIVING VIRUSES AND PATHOGENS IN CONVALESCENT PLASMA UNITS FROM RECOVERED COVID-19 PATIENTS

Office
United States of America
Application Number 17499792
Application Date 12.10.2021
Publication Number 20220110972
Publication Date 14.04.2022
Publication Kind A1
IPC
A61K 35/16
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
35Medicinal preparations containing materials or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution
12Materials from mammals; Compositions comprising non-specified tissues or cells; Compositions comprising non-embryonic stem cells; Genetically modified cells
14Blood; Artificial blood
16Blood plasma; Blood serum
A61M 1/38
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
36Other treatment of blood in a by-pass of the natural circulatory system, e.g. temperature adaptation, irradiation
38Removing constituents from donor blood and returning remainder to body
CPC
A61M 2205/3368
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
2205General characteristics of the apparatus
33Controlling, regulating or measuring
3368Temperature
A61K 35/16
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
35Medicinal preparations containing materials or reaction products thereof with undetermined constitution
12Materials from mammals; Compositions comprising non-specified tissues or cells; Compositions comprising non-embryonic stem cells; Genetically modified cells
14Blood; Artificial blood
16Blood plasma; Blood serum
A61M 1/38
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY
1Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
36Other treatment of blood in a by-pass of the natural circulatory system, e.g. temperature adaptation, irradiation ; ; Extra-corporeal blood circuits
38Removing constituents from donor blood and ; storing or; returning remainder to body ; , e.g. for transfusion
Applicants Trevor Percival Castor
Trevor P. Castor
Inventors Trevor Percival Castor
Title
(EN) APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INACTIVATIVING VIRUSES AND PATHOGENS IN CONVALESCENT PLASMA UNITS FROM RECOVERED COVID-19 PATIENTS
Abstract
(EN)

The novel coronavirus COVID-19 has caused a worldwide pandemic of enormous proportions resulting in significant levels of morbidity and mortality, tremendous pressures on the healthcare system, personal freedoms and society, and an unprecedented impact on the economies of the United States and the world. There are still significant unknowns about this very contagious and deadly virus, and these unknowns are coupled with no natural immunity. A promising therapeutic strategy is the utilization/transfusion of convalescent plasma from recovered COVID-19 patients. There are, however, risks involved in such transfusions from residual virus and other adventitious viruses and bacteria. These risks can be minimized by the pathogen clearance of convalescent plasma units in a hospital setting. There is an immediate need for the rapid pathogen inactivation/clearance of convalescent plasma units from recovered COVID-19 patients.

The present invention is a physical pathogen reduction and inactivation apparatus and method for controlling or eliminating transfusion-transmittable infections in convalescent plasma from recovered COVID-19 donors. The invention inactivates both nonenveloped and enveloped viruses as well as pathogenic bacteria and parasites in units of human plasma, while retaining the potency of natural biologically-active proteinaceous products in the pathogen-reduced plasma. The invention uses critical, near-critical or supercritical fluids for viral and pathogen reduction of units of donor blood plasma in blood bags. The apparatus is in the form of a transportable mobile unit, where it can be used in hospitals, blood banks, and medical facilities.