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1. US20220205062 - USING SYNTHETIC LIXIVIANT BIOLOGY FOR THE RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS AND TOXIC METALS FROM ANTHROPOGENIC SOURCES

Office
United States of America
Application Number 17601802
Application Date 08.04.2020
Publication Number 20220205062
Publication Date 30.06.2022
Publication Kind A1
IPC
C22B 11/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
BPRODUCTION OR REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
11Obtaining noble metals
08by cyaniding
C12N 15/10
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
10Processes for the isolation, preparation or purification of DNA or RNA
C12N 1/06
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
1Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
06Lysis of microorganisms
C12N 9/22
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes, e.g. ligases (6.); Proenzymes; Compositions thereof; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating, or purifying enzymes
14Hydrolases (3.)
16acting on ester bonds (3.1)
22Ribonucleases
C12N 15/11
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
C12N 15/90
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
87Introduction of foreign genetic material using processes not otherwise provided for, e.g. co-transformation
90Stable introduction of foreign DNA into chromosome
CPC
C12N 2800/80
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
2800Nucleic acids vectors
80Vectors containing sites for inducing double-stranded breaks, e.g. meganuclease restriction sites
C22B 11/08
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS
11Obtaining noble metals
08by cyaniding
C12N 1/06
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
1Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof
06Lysis of microorganisms
C12N 9/22
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
9Enzymes; Proenzymes; Compositions thereof
14Hydrolases (3)
16acting on ester bonds (3.1)
22Ribonucleases ; RNAses, DNAses
C12N 15/11
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
11DNA or RNA fragments; Modified forms thereof
C12N 15/902
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
15Mutation or genetic engineering; DNA or RNA concerning genetic engineering, vectors, e.g. plasmids, or their isolation, preparation or purification; Use of hosts therefor
09Recombinant DNA-technology
87Introduction of foreign genetic material using processes not otherwise provided for, e.g. co-transformation
90Stable introduction of foreign DNA into chromosome
902using homologous recombination
Applicants NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Inventors Wen Shan YEW
Maybelle Darlene Kho GO
Lu Ting LIOW
Rashmi RAJASABHAI
Priority Data 10201903117U 08.04.2019 SG
10201904705X 24.05.2019 SG
Title
(EN) USING SYNTHETIC LIXIVIANT BIOLOGY FOR THE RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS AND TOXIC METALS FROM ANTHROPOGENIC SOURCES
Abstract
(EN)

The present invention generally relates to methods of biological reduction of metal-cyanide complexes after metal-cyanidation and methods of biologically hydrolysing cyanide. More particularly, the present invention allows the engineering of an integrated synthetic lixiviant biological system to be housed within a synthetic host (such as the cyanogenic Chromobacterium violaceum) for efficient precious metal recovery and toxic metal remediation of electronic waste; with up to four main components/modules in the design and engineering of the synthetic host: 1) synthetic cyanogenesis; 2) synthetic metal recovery; 3) synthetic cyanolysis; and 4) synthetic circuits for lixiviant biology. Bacteria capable of reducing ionic metal to ionic metal (such as gold or silver) as nanoparticles, comprising mercury(ll) reductase (MerA) comprising a substitution mutation at position V317, Y441, C464, A323D, A414E, G415I, E416C, L417I, I418D, or A422N, are also disclosed. Processes of synthetic cyanide lixiviant production using genetically engineered bacterium transformed with a heterologous hydrogen cyanide synthase gene and a heterologous 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase mutant gene are also disclosed. Processes of synthetic cyanolysis using a genetically engineered bacterium transformed with a heterologous nitrilase gene are also disclosed.