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1. WO2021079324 - CONTROL SCHEMES FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF POWER PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS:

1. A method for control of a power production plant, the method comprising:

adjusting a heat profile of a heat exchange unit (HEU) operating with a plurality of streams passing between a first HEU end having a first operational temperature and a second HEU end having a second, lower operational temperature;

wherein said adjusting comprises implementing a control function that alters a mass flow of one or more of the plurality of streams passing between the first HEU end and the second HEU end by adding mass flow to or withdrawing mass flow from the one or more of the plurality of streams at an intermediate temperature range within the HEU at a point that is positioned between the first HEU end and the second HEU end.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said adjusting comprises causing a portion of a heated stream passing through the HEU to bypass a section of the HEU through a bypass line such that said adjusting is effective to reduce the mass flow of the heated stream that passes through the section of the HEU that is bypassed.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the heated stream passing through the HEU is a heated turbine exhaust stream from a turbine, the heated turbine exhaust stream passing from the first HEU end to the second HEU end to provide a cooled turbine exhaust stream, and wherein the cooled turbine exhaust stream is further processed through one or more of a separator, a compressor, and a pump.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the control function comprises causing the portion of the heated stream passing through the HEU to bypass the section of the HEU through the bypass line responsive to one or both of the following signals received by a controller:

a signal indicating a change in power demand effective to cause an operational change of the turbine altering power generation from the power production plant;

a signal indicating that a temperature within the HEU is within a defined threshold of a maximum operating temperature of the HEU.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the control function comprises opening a valve positioned in the bypass line.

6. The method of claim 4, wherein the portion of the heated stream passing through the bypass line is rejoined with the cooled turbine exhaust stream downstream from the second HEU end and upstream from one or more of the separator, the compressor, and the pump.

7. The method of claim 2, further comprising causing the portion of the heated stream passing through bypass line to be processed through a bypass heat exchanger effective to transfer heat from the portion of the heated stream in the bypass line to one or more further streams.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein said adjusting comprises one or both of the following: causing a portion of a recycle stream being heated in the HEU to be passed to an exhaust stream being cooled in the HEU such that said adjusting is effective to increase the mass flow of the exhaust stream passing through a section of the HEU;

causing a portion of an oxidant stream being heated in the HEU to be passed to an exhaust stream being cooled in the HEU such that said adjusting is effective to increase the mass flow of the exhaust stream passing through a section of the HEU.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein the control function comprises causing the respective portion of the recycle stream and the oxidant stream to be passed to the exhaust stream responsive to one or both of the following:

a signal indicating a change in power demand effective to cause an operational change of a turbine altering power generation from the power production plant;

a signal indicating that a temperature within the HEU is within a defined threshold of a maximum operating temperature of the HEU.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the power production plant includes a recirculation compressor configured for withdrawing a portion of a heated turbine exhaust stream passing through the HEU, compressing the portion of the heated turbine exhaust stream that is withdrawn, and recombining the portion of the heater turbine exhaust stream that is compressed at a downstream section of the HEU.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the control function comprises closing an inlet guide vane (IGV) of the recirculation compressor responsive to a signal indicating that a temperature within the HEU is within a defined threshold of a maximum operating temperature of the HEU.

12. The method of claim 1, further comprising adding heat to one or more of the plurality of streams passing between the first HEU end and the second HEU end, wherein the heat is added at an intermediate temperature range within the HEU at a point that is positioned between the first HEU end and the second HEU end, and wherein the heat is added using a heater that is operated independent of the HEU.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the heater is a combustion heater.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein the heat is added to a turbine exhaust stream passing through the HEU, and wherein an exhaust stream from the combustion heater is added directly to the turbine exhaust stream.

15. A power production plant comprising:

a turbine;

a power generator;

a heat exchange unit (HEU);

one or more compressors or pumps; and

a control unit;

wherein the HEU is configured for heat exchange between a plurality of streams passing between a first HEU end having a first operational temperature and a second HEU end having a second, lower operational temperature;

wherein the HEU includes one or more components configured to add mass flow to or withdraw mass flow from one or more of the plurality of streams at a point that is positioned between the first HEU end and the second HEU end such that a portion of a fluid passing through the one or more of the plurality of streams is diverted from passage through a remaining section of the HEU; and

wherein the control unit is configured to receive a signal defining an operating condition of the power production plant and, based thereon, output a signal effective to control the one or more components configured to add mass flow to or withdraw mass flow from the one or more of the plurality of streams.

16. The power production plant of claim 15, wherein the HEU is configured for heat exchange between at least a turbine exhaust stream exiting a turbine and one or both of a recycle stream and an oxidant stream.

17. The power production plant of claim 16, wherein the one or more components configured to add mass flow to or withdraw mass flow from one or more of the plurality of streams includes a bypass line and a bypass valve configured to divert a portion of the turbine exhaust stream around a section of the HEU.

18. The power production plant of claim 17, further comprising a bypass heat exchanger operational with the bypass line and configured to transfer heat from the portion of the turbine exhaust stream diverted therethrough to one or more further streams.

19. The power production plant of claim 16, wherein the one or more components configured to add mass flow to or withdraw mass flow from one or more of the plurality of streams includes a recirculation line and a recirculation valve interposed between the turbine exhaust stream and the recycle stream.

20. The power production plant of claim 16, wherein the one or more components configured to add mass flow to or withdraw mass flow from one or more of the plurality of streams includes a recirculation line and a recirculation valve interposed between the turbine exhaust stream and the oxidant stream.

21. The power production plant of claim 16, further comprising a heater that is configured for operation independent of the HEU, the heater being configured for addition of heat to the turbine exhaust stream at a point that is positioned between the first HEU end and the second HEU end.

22. The power production plant of claim 21, wherein the heater is a combustion heater.

23. A system for cogeneration of power and one or more end products, the system comprising: a power production unit including at least a combustor, a turbine, a heat exchanger, and a separation unit, the power production unit being configured to receive a fuel stream and an oxidant and output power and substantially pure carbon dioxide;

a syngas production unit configured to receive a feedstock and provide a syngas product, at least a portion of which is effective for use as at least a portion of the fuel stream in the power production unit; an air separation unit configured to provide oxygen for use as the oxidant in the power production unit and configured to provide nitrogen; and

one or both of an ammonia synthesis unit and a urea synthesis unit.

24. The system of claim 23, wherein the ammonia synthesis unit is present and is configured to receive nitrogen from the air separation unit, configured to receive hydrogen from a hydrogen source, and configured to output ammonia.

25. The system of claim 24, wherein the hydrogen source is a hydrogen separation unit configured to receive at least a portion of the syngas product from the syngas production unit and provide a stream of hydrogen and a stream of hydrogen-reduced syngas that is effective for use as at least a portion of the fuel stream in the power production unit.

26. The system of claim 23, wherein the urea synthesis unit is present and is configured to receive nitrogen from a nitrogen source, configured to receive carbon dioxide from the power production cycle, and configured to output a urea stream.

27. The system of claim 26, wherein the nitrogen source is the ammonia synthesis unit.